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2022ஆம் ஆண்டு சட்டமியற்றும் விவகாரங்கள் துறை செயல்பாடுகள் / 2022 YEAR END REVIEW OF MINISTRY OF LEGISLATIVE AFFAIRS


  • 2022 ஜனவரி 1 முதல் டிசம்பர் 5 வரையிலான காலத்தில் நாடாளுமன்ற இரு அவைகளிலும் அறிமுகம் செய்வதற்காக / பிரகடனப் பிரிவுக்காக மசோதாக்கள்/அவசர சட்டங்கள் வரைவுக்குப் பல்வேறு அமைச்சகங்கள்/துறைகளுடன் கலந்தாலோசித்து அமைச்சரவைக்கான 78 குறிப்புகளை இந்தத் துறை ஆய்வு செய்துள்ளது. 
  • இந்தக் காலத்தில் நாடாளுமன்றத்தில் அறிமுகம் செய்வதற்காக 19 சட்ட மசோதாக்கள் அனுப்பப்பட்டன. நிதி மசோதா 2022, அரசியல் அமைப்புச்சட்ட (பழங்குடியினர்) உத்தரவு (திருத்த) மசோதா 2022, அரசியல் அமைப்புச்சட்ட (ஷெட்யூல்ட் வகுப்பு மற்றும் பழங்குடியினர்) உத்தரவுகள் (திருத்த) மசோதா 2022, அரசியல் அமைப்புச்சட்ட (ஷெட்யூல்ட் வகுப்பு மற்றும் பழங்குடியினர்) உத்தரவுகள் (இரண்டாம் திருத்த) மசோதா 2022, குற்ற நடைமுறை (அடையாளம்காணுதல்) மசோதா2022, குடும்ப நீதிமன்றங்கள் (திருத்த) மசோதா 2022, மத்தியப் பல்கலைக்கழகங்கள் (திருத்த) மசோதா 2022, மின்சார (திருத்த) மசோதா 2022 போன்றவை 01.01.2022 முதல் 28.11.2022 வரை முன்வைக்கப்பட்ட மசோதாக்களில் அடங்கும். இந்தக் காலகட்டத்தில் 17 மசோதாக்கள் நிறைவேற்றப்பட்டு சட்டமாக்கப்பட்டுள்ளன.
  • இதே காலகட்டத்தில் லட்சத்த்தீவு யூனியன் பிரதேசத்தில் முறைப்படுத்துதல் நடவடிக்கைகளுக்காக 5 அவசர சட்டங்களைக் குடியரசுத்தலைவர் பிறப்பித்துள்ளார்.
  • 2022, ஜனவரி முதல் நவம்பர் 28 வரையிலான காலகட்டத்தில், இந்தத் துறையால் ஆய்வு செய்யப்பட்டு சரிபார்க்கப்பட்ட சட்ட விதிகள், ஒழுங்குமுறைகள், உத்தரவுகள் மற்றும் அறிவிப்புகளின் எண்ணிக்கை 2098 ஆகும். தேர்தல் செலவின் உச்சவரம்பு திருத்தமும் இதில் அடங்கும்.
  • The Department examined 78 Notes for the Cabinet/new legislative proposals in consultation with different Ministries/Departments for drafting of Bills/Ordinances for introduction in the Houses of the Parliament/promulgation during the period from 1 st January to 5th December, 2022
  • Legislative Department acts mainly as a service provider in so far as the legislative business of the Union Government is concerned. It ensures timely processing of legislative proposals of various Ministries/Departments. In this context, Legislative Department plays an important role in assisting the Ministries/Departments of the Government to achieve the policy objectives through legislation.
  • Legislative Department does not have any statutory or autonomous body under its control. Besides the main Secretariat. Legislative Department has two wings under it, namely, the Official Languages Wing and Vidhi Sahitya Prakashan, which are responsible for translation of Bills, Ordinances, Rules, Regulations in Hindi; and propagation of Hindi and other Official Languages in the field of law Legislative Department provides assistance to State Governments in translation of Central Laws into the languages mention in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution.
  • During the period from 1st January, 2022 to 5th December, 2022, this Department has examined 78 Notes for the Cabinet/new legislative proposals in consultation with different Ministries/Departments for drafting of Bills/Ordinances for introduction in the Houses of the Parliament/promulgation. 19 Legislative Bill were forwarded to Parliament for introduction during this period. 
  • During the period from lst January, 2022 to 28th November. 2022, the number of statutory rules, regulations, orders and notifications scrutinized and vetted by this Department was 2098.
Election Laws and Electoral Reforms
  • In this regard, various Electoral Rules have been amended during 2022, a gist of which is as follows
  • On the recommendation of the Election Commission of India. the Government vide notification number S.G. 72(E), dated the 06th January, 2022, has amended the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961 to increase the maximum limit of expenditure by a candidate for Parliamentary Constituency and Assembly Constituency of State/Union territory elections. I
  • n respect of larger States/Union territories, it has been increased for Parliamentary Constituency and Assembly Constituency Elections from Rs. 77 Lakh and Rs. 30.8 lakh to Rs. 95 Lakh and Rs. 40 Lakh, respectively, and in respect of smaller States/Union territories, it has been increased for Parliamentary Constituency and Assembly Constituency Elections from Rs. 59.4 Lakh and Rs. 22 lakh to Rs. 75 Lakh and Rs. 28 Lakh, respectively.
  • The Registration of Electors Rules, 1960 have been amended vide notification number S.O. 2802(E), dated the 17th June, 2022 which inter-alia, envisages making the statutes gender neutral in line with the avowed policy of gender equality and inclusiveness vis-à-vis conduct of our elections; making the process of inclusion/modification/claims/objections of details in electoral roll more inclusive and comprehensive by amending forms 1, 2, 2A, 3, 6, 6B, 7, 8, 11, 18, 19.
The Registration of Electros Rules, 1960 have been amended vide notification number
  • S.O. 5038(E), dated the 26th October, 2022, to ensure multiple qualifying dates for enrolment in the electoral roll, which will expand the voter base and consequently greater participation of eligible voters in the electoral process
  • Further, in accordance with Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, delimitation exercise for Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies has been carried out in the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the same has been published in the Gazette of India vide notification number S.O. (E) 2223, dated the 20th May, 2022.
  • Legislative drafting is a specialised job which involves drafting skills and expertise. Apart from in-depth knowledge of laws and their regular updation, continuous and sustainable efforts are required to enhance the skills of legislative drafting. 
  • The Officers of the Central Government, State Governments and Union territory Administrations dealing with legislative proposals and the students of law need training and orientation to develop the aptitude and the skills in legislative drafting.
  • In January, 1989, with a view to increase the availability of trained officers to deal with legislative proposals as also trained Legislative Counsel in the country, the Institute of Legislative Drafting and Research (ILDR) was established as a Wing of the Legislative Department, Ministry of Law and Justice. Since its inception, ILDR has been imparting
  • theoretical as well as practical training in Legislative Drafting to the officers of the Central Government /State Governments and Union territories.
  • The ILDR conducts one Basic Course and one Appreciation Course in Legislative
  • Drafting every year which are as follows:
  • The Basic Course is of three months' duration and meant for the middle level officers of the State Governments/Union territories;
  • The Appreciation Course is of fifteen days' duration for middle level officers of Central Government Ministries/Departments/Attached/Subordinate Offices and Central Public Sector Undertakings;
  • Voluntary Internship Scheme for students of law. This Scheme is intended to motivate students in creating interest in legislative drafting skills and secure knowledge about the nature and working of the Legislative Department. The Voluntary Internship Scheme has been devised for Law students who are studying in Third Year of Three Year LLB Course or Fourth or Fifth year of Five year LLB course, from four to six weeks. The said scheme has been started from the year 2013. With all Covid — 19 restrictions and social distancing norms the Voluntary Internship Scheme has been revived from July, 2022.
  • A one month training course in Legislative Drafting was conducted from 16th August, 2022 to 15th September, 2022 for all officers of State Government/Union territory Administrations and Officers of State Legislative Assemblies.
India Code Information System (ICIS)
  • Each year number of legislations (both principal Acts and Amending Acts) are passed by the legislature and it is difficult for judiciary, lawyers as well as citizens to refer relevant and up to date Acts when required. 
  • This can be solved by building up an exhaustive repository of all the Acts and Amendments in one place which is open to all. 
  • A need has been felt for the development of building up Central repository of all the Acts and their subordinate legislations (made from time to time) at one place which are easily accessible to all stakeholders with a view to make such laws available in up-to-date form when required by public, lawyers, judges, etc., and to avoid private publishers from exploiting the general public with enormous prices by claiming published updated laws as their copyrighted work. 
  • In fact, this is the most vital reason to make India Code available over Internet. Keeping all these aspects in view, India Code Information System (ICIS), a one stop digital repository of all the Central and State Legislation including their respective subordinate legislations has been developed with the help of NIC under the guidance of Ministry of Law and Justice (Legislative Department). 
  • It is an important step in ensuing legal empowerment of all citizens as well as the object of ONE NATION — ONE PLATFORM. The main object of this system is to provide a one stop repository of all the Acts and Legislations in India in the latest and updated format as and when required by the general public, lawyers, judges and all other interested parties. Till date, Central Acts from the years 1836 to 2022 total 888 Central Acts and from the year 1834 to 2020, 3375 Repeal Acts have been updated and uploaded on the India Code Portal for general public.
Vidhi Sahitya Prakashan
  • In the year 1958, the Committee of Parliament on Official Languages recommended that arrangements be made to bring out authorised translation of important judgements of the Supreme Court of India and the High Courts and this work could be entrusted to a Central Office under the supervision of Law Department. 
  • Thereafter, on the recommendations of the Hindi Advisory Committee, a "Journal Wing" was set up in the Legislative Department in the year 1968 with the object of promoting the use of Hindi in the legal field which was subsequently redesignated as "VIDHI SAHITYA PRAKASHAN".
  • Vidhi Sahitya Prakashan started publication of a monthly Journal of Supreme Court Judgments in Hindi under the name and style of "Uchchatama Nyayalaya. Nirnaya Patrika"in the year 1968. Thereafter, another monthly Hindi journal of High Court Judgments was started in January, 1969 under the name and style of "Uchcha Nyayalaya Nirnaya Patrika". 
  • In the year 1987 "Uchcha Nyayalaya Nirnaya Patrika" was bifurcated into two Nirnaya Patrikas i.e. "Uchcha Nyayalaya Civil Nirnaya Patrika" and "Uchcha Nyayalaya Dandik Nirnaya Patrika Apart from the publication of the above three Patrikas, Vidhi Sahitya Prakashan also took initiative of the following works, namely
  • Publication of High standard text books in Hindi on various subject it the field of law;
  • Award various prizes for the best publications in Hindi in the field of law;
  • Sale of Hindi publications of the Vidhi Sahitya Prakashan and diglot editions Central acts, Constitution of India, legal Glossary. Hindi Lyw Text Brinks and Election Manual; and
  • Promotion and propagation of Hindi in the Legal field by holding conferences, training programmes, seminars and book exhibitions all over India;
Policy Decision
  • Vidhi Sahitya Prakashan is playing very important role in implementating the Official Language Policy of the Union under the mandate of Constitution of India, recommendations of Parliamentary Hindi Committee and orders of Hon'ble President of India.
  • Vidhi Sahitya Prakashan has entered into era of electronic media through the process of digitization where under hard copies of all three Hindi law Journals and standard law text books in Hindi have been made available for online sale. This Prakashan has also made available soft copies of all three law journals online from 2012 at for common men, advocates, judges, litigants, and Law Professors and law students etc.
  • Vidhi Sahitya Prakashan has published authentic Hindi Text Books on various legal subjects which have been written by eminent authors and are under the copyright of Government of India.
  • Organizing of Seminars/exhibitions/Conference and sale of Law Books Constitution of India, Central Acts in Diglot (Hindi-English), Legal Glossary, Manual of Election Law, India Code, etc.
  • The Central Acts and Law Publications are available for online selling on Product/Product/ on digital payment basis i.e. credit care, debit card and net banking etc. and the link if available on main Legislative Department front page. 
  • It is a part of 'Ease of Doing Business'. During the period from Pt January, 2022 to 3151 October, 2022 the total sale figure of vidhi Sahitya Prakashan is Rs.21,90,443/- (Rupees twenty one ninety thousand and four Hundred forty three only).

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